2nd Quarter Update Summary – Inflation, Fiscal Stimulus, Covid

The economy continues to grow and expand in recovery from the economic covid shocks inflicted on employment and production last year. Following a flat first quarter, the market has resumed an upward but volatile trend. Some recent inflation is sending warning signals across the economy, however, this inflation does not necessarily derive not from excess cash in the economy, but significantly from insufficiently restored production and supply chains, and from other distribution bottlenecks. The Federal Reserve is convinced the inflation is transitory and insists its expansionary policies will not change until at least 2023 or until the economy reaches full employment together with signs of overheating. This means, importantly, that going forward Fed policy in response to inflation will be more reactive vs predictive.

The housing boom, mostly caused by historically low mortgage rates, appears to have stabilized (interest rates truly cannot go much lower). Lumber prices, widely publicized to have tripled since the pandemic began, have now fallen precipitously since May to pre-pandemic levels. Other commodity prices are normalizing as production continues to ramp up. The traditional broad based inflation indicators remain persistently stable showing expected low inflation similar to that of pre-pandemic levels.

The Biden Administration is making some progress on two fiscal fronts in an effort to ensure ongoing fiscal stimulus for at least a few years. The first is a vital and necessary infrastructure funding measure that both parties agree is necessary but disagree on size and scope. The second is the federal budget that includes substantial increased and new spending in most areas of the Administration’s agenda. If the infrastructure package grinds to a halt, the budget will certainly incorporate many of the important elements of infrastructure. This twin pronged fiscal approach together with expansionary Federal Reserve monetary policy is aimed achieving the twin economic goals of full employment together with stronger wage growth in coming years.

Covid remains a concern. The unusual and unexpected politicization and dissemination of vaccine misinformation is preventing us collectively from reaching our vaccination goals, thereby resulting in covid case surges in areas where vaccination levels have been weak. The unnecessary politics of the issue together with new highly transmissible and dangerous covid variants are making any prognostication of the ultimate resolution of the epidemic very difficult. The markets are watching and reacting accordingly. This is contributing to the previously mentioned market volatility. We are not out of the woods.

As always, we remain cautious and vigilant. Please remember that because these quarterly thumbnail sketches are very brief, do not hesitate to call me if you wish to discuss your account or our outlook in greater detail.

Very Best Regards,

3rd Quarter Update Summary – The Economy Chugs Along, But Whither the Markets?

While the Fed continues to increase short-term interest rates as the economy chugs along, we had a new wrinkle appear this quarter. Previously, long-term rates remained relatively stable as short-term rates rose. This had the effect of a flattening of the term structure of the yield curve, an indicator that future growth may slow. This month however, those stable long-term interest rates have begun to rise sharply in pace with short-term rates controlled by the Fed. The cause of this is quite unknowable at this point, but we note that oil and some commodity prices have been rising together with wage increases finally showing signs of life. The takeaway here is that the economy remains robust and that a slowdown or recession does not Continue reading 3rd Quarter Update Summary – The Economy Chugs Along, But Whither the Markets?

Do Deficits or National Debt Really Matter? No. But Yes, Only in Rare Circumstances.

Anytime a given economy has excess unused labor or plant capacity, deficits and federal spending are essentially mandatory to revive and expand the economy. The greater the excess capacity, the greater federal spending (deficit) is required to employ that excess. The is especially crucial in times of economic stress where private money creation (bank lending) is either dormant or in collapse. In addition, the only constraint on money creation ought to be, and must be, inflation. And inflation, in monetarily sovereign economies generally is not evident in economies with excess labor, plant and resources.

Here’s some background to help you understand a little better:

During the Great Depression, a small recovery had begun in 1936. Unemployment had dropped from Continue reading Do Deficits or National Debt Really Matter? No. But Yes, Only in Rare Circumstances.